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第五章 Python爬虫:常用浏览器的useragent

作者:admin     时间:2020-08-10 08:14:26     来源:互联网    

一. 为什么需要修改UserAgent


1. 为什么需要修改UserAgent


在写python网络爬虫程序的时候,经常需要修改UserAgent,有很多原因,罗列几个如下:


不同Agent下看到的内容不一样,比如,京东网站上的手机版网页和pc版网页上的商品优惠不一样
为避免被屏蔽,爬取不同的网站经常要定义和修改useragent值。 ......


修改agent值这个操作本身比较简单,UserAgent值是一串字符串,替换上即可,主要是用对UserAgent值。下面列出常用浏览器的useragent:


2. pC端的UserAgent


safari 5.1 – MAC
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; Intel Mac OS X 10_6_8; en-us) AppleWebKit/534.50 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.1 Safari/534.50


safari 5.1 – Windows
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 6.1; en-us) AppleWebKit/534.50 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.1 Safari/534.50


Firefox 38esr
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/38.0


IE 11
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; Infopath.3; rv:11.0) like Gecko


IE 9.0
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/5.0;


IE 8.0
User-Agent:Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.0; Trident/4.0)


IE 7.0
User-Agent:Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 6.0)


IE 6.0
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)


Firefox 4.0.1 – MAC
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.6; rv:2.0.1) Gecko/20100101


Firefox/4.0.1

Firefox 4.0.1 – Windows
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; rv:2.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/4.0.1


Opera 11.11 – MAC
User-Agent:Opera/9.80 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.6.8; U; en) presto/2.8.131 Version/11.11


Opera 11.11 – Windows
User-Agent:Opera/9.80 (Windows NT 6.1; U; en) presto/2.8.131 Version/11.11


Chrome 17.0 – MAC
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_7_0) AppleWebKit/535.11 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/17.0.963.56 Safari/535.11


傲游(Maxthon)
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; Maxthon 2.0)


腾讯TT
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; TencentTraveler 4.0)


世界之窗(The World) 2.x
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1)


世界之窗(The World) 3.x
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; The World)


搜狗浏览器 1.x
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; Trident/4.0; SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0; SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0)


360浏览器
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; 360SE)


Avant
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; Avant Browser)

Green Browser

User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1)


3. 移动端UserAgent


safari iOS 4.33 – iphone
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (iphone; U; CpU iphone OS 4_3_3 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/533.17.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.0.2 Mobile/8J2 Safari/6533.18.5


safari iOS 4.33 – ipod Touch
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (ipod; U; CpU iphone OS 4_3_3 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/533.17.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.0.2 Mobile/8J2 Safari/6533.18.5


safari iOS 4.33 – ipad
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (ipad; U; CpU OS 4_3_3 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/533.17.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.0.2 Mobile/8J2 Safari/6533.18.5


Android N1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 2.3.7; en-us; Nexus One Build/FRF91) AppleWebKit/533.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/533.1


Android QQ浏览器 For android
User-Agent: MQQBrowser/26 Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 2.3.7; zh-cn; MB200 Build/GRJ22; CyanogenMod-7) AppleWebKit/533.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/533.1


Android Opera Mobile
User-Agent: Opera/9.80 (Android 2.3.4; Linux; Opera Mobi/build-1107180945; U; en-GB) presto/2.8.149 Version/11.10


Android pad Moto Xoom
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 3.0; en-us; Xoom Build/HRI39) AppleWebKit/534.13 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Safari/534.13


BlackBerry
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (BlackBerry; U; BlackBerry 9800; en) AppleWebKit/534.1+ (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0.0.337 Mobile Safari/534.1+


WebOS Hp Touchpad
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (hp-tablet; Linux; hpwOS/3.0.0; U; en-US) AppleWebKit/534.6 (KHTML, like Gecko) wOSBrowser/233.70 Safari/534.6 Touchpad/1.0


Nokia N97
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (SymbianOS/9.4; Series60/5.0 NokiaN97-1/20.0.019; profile/MIDp-2.1 Configuration/CLDC-1.1) AppleWebKit/525 (KHTML, like Gecko) BrowserNG/7.1.18124


Windows phone Mango
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows phone OS 7.5; Trident/5.0; IEMobile/9.0; HTC; Titan)


UC无
User-Agent: UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999


UC标准
User-Agent: NOKIA5700/ UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999


UCOpenwave
User-Agent: Openwave/ UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999


UC Opera
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; ) Opera/UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999

4. 文档修改历史


2016-05-27:V1.0


在写python网络爬虫程序的时候,经常需要修改UserAgent,有很多原因,罗列几个如下:

不同Agent下看到的内容不一样,比如,京东网站上的手机版网页和pc版网页上的商品优惠不一样
为避免被屏蔽,爬取不同的网站经常要定义和修改useragent值。 ......

修改agent值这个操作本身比较简单,UserAgent值是一串字符串,替换上即可,主要是用对UserAgent值。下面列出常用浏览器的useragent:


2. pC端的UserAgent


safari 5.1 – MAC

User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; Intel Mac OS X 10_6_8; en-us) AppleWebKit/534.50 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.1 Safari/534.50


safari 5.1 – Windows
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 6.1; en-us) AppleWebKit/534.50 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.1 Safari/534.50


Firefox 38esr
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/38.0


IE 11
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; Infopath.3; rv:11.0) like Gecko


IE 9.0
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/5.0;


IE 8.0
User-Agent:Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.0; Trident/4.0)


IE 7.0
User-Agent:Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 6.0)


IE 6.0
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)


Firefox 4.0.1 – MAC
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.6; rv:2.0.1) Gecko/20100101


Firefox/4.0.1

Firefox 4.0.1 – Windows
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; rv:2.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/4.0.1


Opera 11.11 – MAC
User-Agent:Opera/9.80 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.6.8; U; en) presto/2.8.131 Version/11.11


Opera 11.11 – Windows
User-Agent:Opera/9.80 (Windows NT 6.1; U; en) presto/2.8.131 Version/11.11


Chrome 17.0 – MAC
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_7_0) AppleWebKit/535.11 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/17.0.963.56 Safari/535.11


傲游(Maxthon)
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; Maxthon 2.0)


腾讯TT
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; TencentTraveler 4.0)


世界之窗(The World) 2.x
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1)


世界之窗(The World) 3.x
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; The World)


搜狗浏览器 1.x
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; Trident/4.0; SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0; SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0)


360浏览器
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; 360SE)


Avant
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; Avant Browser)


Green Browser
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1)


3. 移动端UserAgent


safari iOS 4.33 – iphone
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (iphone; U; CpU iphone OS 4_3_3 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/533.17.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.0.2 Mobile/8J2 Safari/6533.18.5


safari iOS 4.33 – ipod Touch
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (ipod; U; CpU iphone OS 4_3_3 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/533.17.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.0.2 Mobile/8J2 Safari/6533.18.5


safari iOS 4.33 – ipad
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (ipad; U; CpU OS 4_3_3 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/533.17.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.0.2 Mobile/8J2 Safari/6533.18.5


Android N1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 2.3.7; en-us; Nexus One Build/FRF91) AppleWebKit/533.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/533.1


Android QQ浏览器 For android
User-Agent: MQQBrowser/26 Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 2.3.7; zh-cn; MB200 Build/GRJ22; CyanogenMod-7) AppleWebKit/533.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/533.1


Android Opera Mobile
User-Agent: Opera/9.80 (Android 2.3.4; Linux; Opera Mobi/build-1107180945; U; en-GB) presto/2.8.149 Version/11.10


Android pad Moto Xoom
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 3.0; en-us; Xoom Build/HRI39) AppleWebKit/534.13 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Safari/534.13


BlackBerry
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (BlackBerry; U; BlackBerry 9800; en) AppleWebKit/534.1+ (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0.0.337 Mobile Safari/534.1+


WebOS Hp Touchpad
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (hp-tablet; Linux; hpwOS/3.0.0; U; en-US) AppleWebKit/534.6 (KHTML, like Gecko) wOSBrowser/233.70 Safari/534.6 Touchpad/1.0


Nokia N97
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (SymbianOS/9.4; Series60/5.0 NokiaN97-1/20.0.019; profile/MIDp-2.1 Configuration/CLDC-1.1) AppleWebKit/525 (KHTML, like Gecko) BrowserNG/7.1.18124


Windows phone Mango
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows phone OS 7.5; Trident/5.0; IEMobile/9.0; HTC; Titan)


UC无
User-Agent: UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999


UC标准
User-Agent: NOKIA5700/ UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999


UCOpenwave
User-Agent: Openwave/ UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999


UC Opera
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; ) Opera/UCWEB7.0.2.37/28/999

End.